Culture/Civilization Religion Geographical Area Major Nations
Western Catholic and Protestant Christianity Western Europe, the Americas, Australasia USA, Brazil, Germany, United Kingdom, France
Orthodox Orthodox Christianity Eastern Europe + Siberia Russia, Greece
Syriac Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Monophysite Christianity Southwest Asia, Northeast Africa Israel, Armenia, Ethiopia
Islamic Islam Middle East, North Africa, Central and Southeast Asia Arabs, Iran, Turkey
Hindu Hinduism India Hindustanis, Tamils
Indic/Buddhist Lamaism, Theravada Buddhism Central and South Asia Thailand, Mongolia, Tibet, Sinhalese
Sinic Taoism + Buddhism East Asia China, Korea, Vietnam
Japanese Shintoism + Buddhism Japan Japan
Primitive/Uncommitted paganism Sub-Saharan Africa, Oceania, parts of the Americas various tribes


The Decline of the West, by Oswald Spengler
A Study of History, by Arnold J. Toynbee
The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, by Samuel P. Huntington